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赫斯出售丹麦石油资产

2021-03-23 来源:新浪财经 已有534人阅读
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原标题:赫斯出售丹麦石油资产

    中国石化新闻网讯 据今日油价网站3月20日消息 由于英力士(INEOS)同意收购赫斯公司在欧盟产油国丹麦境内两个油田的股份,丹麦石油正引起人们的关注。

    英力士已同意以1.5亿美元的价格收购美国赫斯石油公司的子公司赫斯丹麦公司,并计划在该国于2050年终止石油生产之前提高产量。

    目前在丹麦Siri油田工作的英力士能源将收购赫斯运营的Syd Arne油田剩余61.5%的股份和Solsort油田4.8%的股份。

    2020年12月,丹麦宣布从2050年起禁止在北海进行新的天然气和石油勘探和生产。此前,挪威根据《巴黎协定》的预期,在2020年宣布了类似的能源目标。

    政府取消了预期的第八轮离岸勘探区块拍卖计划和今后所有拍卖计划,作为计划中停止活动的一部分。

    多年来,丹麦一直位居欧盟第三大产油国之首,紧随其后的是英国和挪威,它们的活动也主要基于北海。然而,由于石油储备不断减少,丹麦在作为净出口国25年后,于2018年成为石油净进口国。

    在2004年的高峰期,丹麦的石油产量为39万桶/日,但到2020年,平均产量降至7万桶/日左右。部分原因是由于海底沉降,丹麦最大油田Tyra 油田需要停止作业。该区块的重新开发使运营在未来两年暂停,预计到2025年产量将再次上升。

    英力士目前的产量约为6万桶/日桶油当量,其增加的产能潜力将使产量提高6000桶/日。该公司计划在未来40年内,在丹麦石油工业陷入停滞之前,充分挖掘丹麦的石油潜力。

    英力士主席布莱恩·吉尔法利解释说:“这把我们从丹麦的一个位置带到了现在的一个位置,我们可以成长到2040年中。”

    除了传统的石油勘探和生产外,英力士预计还将在丹麦开发其Greensands碳储存项目。这个想法是收集和储存油田的碳排放,以达到符合政府绿色政策的碳减排目标。随着监管机构向石油巨头施压,要求它们采取更环保的做法,碳捕获正成为一种日益流行的碳减排形式。

    利用创新技术,英力士计划从2025年开始,每年在盆地下储存800万吨二氧化碳排放量。

    赫斯也有望从这笔交易中获益,利用这笔交易大力投资圭亚那的石油生产。赫斯与埃克森美孚合作,在圭亚那的Stabroek区块成功发现了十多处石油。

    英力士和赫斯之间的交易预计将在2021年第三季度完成,届时将有60名员工调任公司,这意味着英力士可以迅速开始提高产量,以确保达到2050年前的峰值目标。

    王磊 摘译自 今日油价

    原文如下:

    Hess Sells Off Denmark Oil Assets

    Danish oil is attracting attention as INEOS agrees to purchase Hess Corp’s stake in two oil fields within EU producer Denmark.

    INEOS has agreed the purchase of U.S. oil firm Hess subsidiary Hess Denmark at a value of $150 million and aims to boost Danish production prior to the country’s planned termination of its oil production by 2050.

    INEOS Energy, which currently works in Denmark’s Siri field, will acquire the remaining 61.5 percent of the Hess-operated Syd Arne oilfield and a 4.8 percent stake in the Solsort oilfield.

    In December 2020, Denmark announced it would ban new exploration and production of gas and oil in the North Sea from 2050. This comes after Norway announced similar energy objectives in 2020 in line with Paris Agreement expectations.

    The government cancelled its anticipated eighth offshore licensing round and all future licensing rounds as part of the planned cessation of activities.

    Denmark has held the title of the third-largest oil producing country in the EU for many years, following the U.K. and Norway, whose activities are also largely based around the North Sea. However, in 2018 it became a net importer of oil following a quarter of a century as a net exporter due to its shrinking oil reserves.

    At its peak in 2004, Denmark produced 390,000 bpd oil equivalent but by 2020 average production dropped to around 70,000 bpd. This is partially due to the need to cease operations at Denmark’s largest oil field, the Tyra field, due to seabed subsidence. The redevelopment of the site has put operations on hold for the next two years, with output expected to rise again by 2025.

    INEOS currently produces around 60,000 bpd oil equivalent, and its increased capacity potential a boost in production by 6,000 bpd. The company plans to tap into Denmark’s full oil potential before the national industry grinds to a halt within the next forty years.

    INEOS chair Brian Gilvary explains, “It takes us from a position in Denmark where effectively we ran an end-game to a position now where we can grow out to the mid-2040s”.

    In addition to traditional oil exploration and production, INEOS is also expected to develop its Greensands carbon storage project in Denmark. The idea is to capture and store carbon emissions from the oilfields to meet carbon-reduction aims in line with greener government policies. Carbon capture is becoming an increasingly popular form of carbon reduction as regulators put pressure on oil majors to adopt more environmentally friendly practices.

    Using innovative technology, INEOS plans to store 8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions under the basin every year starting from as early as 2025.

    Hess is also expected to win from the deal, using the sale to invest heavily in its Guyana oil production. Partnering with Exxon Mobil, Hess has seen success in Guyana’s Stabroek Block with over a dozen oil discoveries.

    The deal between INEOS and Hess is expected to be completed by the third quarter of 2021, with 60 employees transferring companies. This means INEOS can quickly start ramping up production to ensure it meets its pre-2050 peak targets.

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